What metals can be laser cut?

What metals can be laser cut?

What Metals Can Be Laser Cut?

Laser cutting is a highly versatile and efficient process for shaping a wide range of metals. Among the various metals that can be subjected to laser cutting, Datum, as a specialised provider, focuses on ultra-thin stainless steel and nickel alloys to produce high-quality laser-cut products.

Stainless Steel:

Stainless steel stands out as one of the primary metals extensively processed through laser cutting. This popularity is attributed to the material’s exceptional corrosion resistance and durability. Stainless steel is widely used in various industries, including automotive, construction, and marine component manufacturing, due to its ability to withstand harsh environmental conditions and maintain its structural integrity over time.

The cutting of steel involves the use of specialist lasers to create precise and intricate finishes. The process is particularly advantageous for stainless steel, as it ensures a smooth, clean edge without compromising the material’s inherent qualities. Additionally, laser cutting allows for the creation of intricate patterns and detailed designs on stainless steel surfaces, making it a preferred choice for applications where precision is crucial.

The corrosion resistance of stainless steel is a key factor that enhances its suitability for laser cutting. This resistance ensures that the material maintains its integrity even after undergoing the laser cutting process, making it ideal for applications in environments prone to moisture, chemicals, or extreme temperatures.

Nickel Alloys:

Nickel alloys, known for their high strength, corrosion resistance, and heat resistance properties, find extensive use in specialised industries such as aerospace and chemical processing. Laser cutting is a valuable method employed in the processing of nickel-based alloys due to its precision and efficiency.

In aerospace applications, where components need to withstand extreme conditions, laser-cut nickel alloys play a crucial role. The precise nature of laser cutting ensures that intricate components with specific geometries can be achieved, meeting the stringent requirements of aerospace engineering. Moreover, the heat-affected zone (HAZ) in laser cutting nickel alloys is minimised, reducing the risk of thermal distortion or other undesirable effects on the material.

Nickel alloys are also used in battery tags manufacturing due to their corrosion resistance and high conductivity, ensuring reliable electrical connections and prolonged performance in various battery applications.

In chemical processing industries, where resistance to corrosive environments is paramount, nickel alloys are chosen for their durability. Laser cutting provides a method to shape nickel alloy components with precision, allowing for the creation of parts that can withstand the harsh conditions of chemical processing plants.

Metal Thickness and Laser Parameters:

While laser cutting is a versatile process, the effectiveness of the method is contingent upon the specific type and thickness of the metal being processed. Different metals have varying properties, and their response to laser cutting can differ accordingly. The thickness of the material also plays a critical role in determining the suitability of laser cutting, as thicker materials may require higher power lasers and specific adjustments to achieve optimal results. Special considerations and adjustments in laser parameters may be necessary to adapt the process to the unique characteristics of each metal. Factors such as the laser power, cutting speed, and focal length must be tailored to the specific requirements of the material to ensure precision and efficiency in the cutting process.
Laser cutting has revolutionised metal processing, offering a versatile and precise method for shaping various metals. Datum’s specialisation in stainless steel and nickel alloys highlights the significance of these materials in laser cutting applications. Whether it’s the corrosion resistance of stainless steel or the strength and heat resistance of nickel alloys, laser cutting provides a reliable and efficient means to create intricate components for diverse industrial applications. Understanding the properties of each metal and tailoring laser parameters accordingly ensures optimal results, making laser cutting a valuable tool in the modern manufacturing landscape.
For bespoke laser cutting solutions contact our team to discuss your requirements.


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